Home | Anti-Fraud| Litigation & Arbitration| WTO
Incoterms| Risk Prevention| Law & Regulation| Finace
Letter of Credit| Invest in China| Case & Article| Lawyer
Documents| Foreign Project| Intellectual Property| Consultation
 Position: Home > Incoterms > Incoterms 2000 >
FOB
Sources:International Trade Law, Time:2012-07-09 17:12, Click:, Comment
Share:

  FOB
  FREE ON BOARD(... named port of shipment)
  “Free on Board" means that the seller delivers when the goods pass the ship’s rail at the named port of shipment. This means that the buyer has to bear all costs and risks of loss of or damage to the goods from that point. The FOB term requires the seller to clear the goods for export. This term can be used only for sea or inland waterway transport. If the parties do not intend to deliver the goods across the ship’s rail, the FCA term should he used.
  ATHE SELLER’S OBLIGATIONS
  BTHE BUYER’S OBLIGATIONS
  A1 Provision of goods in conformity with the contract
  The seller must provide the goods and the commercial invoice, or its equivalent electronic message, in conformity with the contract of sale and any other evidence of conformity winch may be required by the contract.
  B1 Payment of the price
  The buyer must pay the price as provided in the contract of sale.
  
  A2 Licences, authorisations and formalities
  The seller must obtain at his own risk and expense any export licence or other official authorisation and carry out, where applicable1 , all customs formalities necessary for the export of the goods.
  
  B2 Licences, authorisations and formalities
  The buyer must obtain at his own risk and expense any import licence or other official authorisation and carry out, where applicable2, all customs formalities for the import of the goods and, where necessary, for their transit through any country .
  
  A3 Contracts of carriage and insurance
  a) Contract of carriage
  No obligation3
  b) Contract of insurance
  No obligation 4 .
  B3 Contract of carriage and insurance
  a)Contract of carriage
  The buyer must contract at his own expense for the carriage of the goods from the named port of shipment.
  b) Contract of insurance
  No obligation.5
  A4 Delivery
  The seller must deliver the goods on the date or within the agreed period at the named port of shipment and in the manner customary at the port on board the vessel nominated by the buyer.
  B4 Taking delivery
  The buyer must take delivery of the goods when they have been delivered in accordance with A4.
  A5 Transfer of risks
  The seller must, subject to the provisions of B5, bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods until such time as they have passed the ship’s rail at the named port of shipment.
  B5 Transfer of risks
  The buyer must bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods
  from the time they have passed the ship’s rail at the named port of shipment; and
  frorn the agreed date or the expiry date of the agreed period for delivery which arise because he fails to give notice in accordance with B7, or because the vessel nominated by him flails to arrive on time, or is unable to take the goods, or closes for cargo earlier than the time notified in accordance with B7, provided, however, that the goods have been duly appropriated to the contract, that is to say, clearly set aside or otherwise identified as the contract goods.
  A6 Division of costs
  The seller must, subject to the provisions of B6, pay
  all costs relating to the goods until such time as they have passed the ship’s rail at the named port of shipment; and
  where applicable6 , the costs of customs formalities necessary for export as well as all duties, taxes and other charges payable upon export.
  B6 Division of costs
  The buyer must pay
  all costs relating to the goods from the time they have passed the ship’ s rail at the named port of shipment; and
  any additional costs incurred, either because the vessel nominated by him fails to arrive on time, or is unable to take the goods, or closes for cargo earlier than the time notified in accordance with B7, or because the buyer has failed to give appropriate notice in accordance with B7, provided, however, that the goods have been duly appropriated to the contract, that is to say, clearly set aside or otherwise identified as the contract goods; and
  where applicable7,all duties, taxes and other charges as well as the costs of carrying out customs formalities payable upon import of the goods and for their transit through any country.
  A7 Notice to the buyer
  The seller must give the buyer sufficient notice that the goods have been delivered in accordance with A4.
  B7 Notice to the buyer
  The buyer must give the seller sufficient notice of the vessel name, loading point and required delivery time.
  A8 Proof of delivery, transport document or equivalent electronic message
  The seller must provide the buyer at the seller’s expense with the usual proof of delivery in accordance with A4.
  Unless the document referred to in the preceding paragraph is the transport document, the seller must render the buyer, at the latter’s request, risk and expense, every assistance in obtaining a transport document for the contract of carriage (for example, a negotiable bill of lading, a non -negotiable sea waybill, an inland waterway document, or a multimodal transport document) .
  Where the seller and the buyer have agreed to communicate electronically, the document referred to in the preceding paragraph may be replaced by an equivalent electronic data interchange (EDI) message.
  B8 Proof of delivery, transport document or equivalent electronic message
  The buyer must accept the proof of delivery in accordance with A8.
  A9 Checking - packaging - marking
  The seller must pay the costs of those checking operations ( such as checking quality, measuring, weighing, counting) which are necessary for the purpose of delivering the goods in accordance with A4.
  The seller must provide at his own expense packaging (unless it is usual for the particular trade to ship the goods of the contract description unpacked) which is required for the transport of the goods, to the extent that the circumstances relating to the transport (for example modalities, destination) are made known to the seller before the contract of sale is concluded. Packaging is to be marked appropriately.
  B9 Inspection of goods
  The buyer must pay the costs of any pre - shipment inspection except when such inspection is mandated by the authorities of the country of export.
  A10 Otber obligations
  The seller must render the buyer at the latter’s request, risk and expense, every assistance in obtaining any documents or equivalent electronic messages (other than those mentioned in A8) issued or transmitted m the country of shipment and/or of originwhich the buyer may require for the import of the goods and, where necessary, for their transit through any country.
  The seller must provide the buyer, upon request, with the necessary information for procuring insurance.
  B10 Other obligation
  The buyer must pay all costs and charges incurred in obtaining the documents or equivalent electronic messages mentioned in A10 and reimburse those incurred by the seller in rendering his assistance in accordance therewith.

  • Previous term:Without

  • Previous term
  • This column is hot pictures
    Home Back to top
    About | Contact | Online submission | Using help | Site map | Set as homepage | Add to Favorites

    Copyright 2012-2018. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED (International Trade Law)
    Telephone:0086-13315171023 QQ:1215545143
    Email:tradelawchina@hotmail.com Technical support:ZW0311